International Journal of Yoga

ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year
: 2019  |  Volume : 12  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 233--239

Changes in lung function measures following Bhastrika Pranayama (bellows breath) and running in healthy individuals


Rana Bal Budhi1, Sandeep Payghan2, Singh Deepeshwar1 
1 Department of Yoga and Life Science, S-VYASA Yoga University, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India
2 Department of Yoga, Dev Sanskrit University, Haridwar, Uttarakhand, India

Correspondence Address:
Mr Rana Bal Budhi
S-VYASA University, No. 19, Eknath Bhavan, Gavipuram Circle, KG Nagar, Bengaluru - 560 019, Karnataka
India

Background: The purpose of this study was to observe the effect of bhastrika pranayama (bellows breath) and exercise on lung function of healthy individuals. Materials and Methods: A total of thirty male participants were recruited and randomly divided into two groups, i.e., yoga breathing group (YBG, n = 15) and physical exercise group (PEG, n = 15), and the participants' ages ranged between 18 and 30 years (group age mean ± standard deviation, 22.5 ± 1.9 years). YBG practiced bhastrika pranayama for 15 min, whereas PEG practiced running for 15 min, 6 days in a week, over a period of 1 month. The participants were assessed for (i) forced vital capacity (FVC), (ii) forced expiratory volume in the first second (FEV1), (iii) peak expiratory flow rate (PEFR), and (iv) maximum voluntary ventilation (MVV) functions of lungs. Results: Repeated-measures analyses of variance with Bonferroni adjustment post hoc analyses of multiple comparisons showed that there was a significant increase in YBG for all variables, i.e., FVC, FEV1, PEFR, and MVV (P < 0.001, P < 0.001, P < 0.01, and P < 0.001, respectively), whereas there was a significant increase in PEFR and MVV (P < 0.05 and P < 0.01, respectively) only, among PEG. However, the change in PEG was less of magnitude as compared to YBG. Conclusions: These findings demonstrate that incorporating pranayama in sports can enhance the efficiency of healthy individuals and athletes by enhancing the ventilatory functions of lungs, especially for those who partake in aerobic-based sports and require efficient lungs to deliver sufficient oxygen uptake.


How to cite this article:
Budhi RB, Payghan S, Deepeshwar S. Changes in lung function measures following Bhastrika Pranayama (bellows breath) and running in healthy individuals.Int J Yoga 2019;12:233-239


How to cite this URL:
Budhi RB, Payghan S, Deepeshwar S. Changes in lung function measures following Bhastrika Pranayama (bellows breath) and running in healthy individuals. Int J Yoga [serial online] 2019 [cited 2022 May 18 ];12:233-239
Available from: https://www.ijoy.org.in/article.asp?issn=0973-6131;year=2019;volume=12;issue=3;spage=233;epage=239;aulast=Budhi;type=0