International Journal of Yoga

SHORT COMMUNICATION
Year
: 2014  |  Volume : 7  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 76--79

Effect of repetitive yogic squats with specific hand position (Thoppukaranam) on selective attention and psychological states


Angelica Chandrasekeran1, Sasidharan K Rajesh1, TM Srinivasan2 
1 Department of Psychology, Swami Vivekananda Yoga Anusandhana Samsthana, Kempegowda Nagar, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India
2 Division of Yoga and Physical Sciences, Swami Vivekananda Yoga Anusandhana Samsthana, Kempegowda Nagar, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India

Correspondence Address:
Sasidharan K Rajesh
#19 Eknath Bhavan, No. 19, Gavipuram Circle, Kempegowda Nagar, Bengaluru - 560 019, Karnataka
India

Context: Research on the effect of Thoppukaranam is limited despite it being practiced as a form of worship to the elephant-headed deity Lord Ganapati and punishment in schools. Aims: The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of Thoppukaranam on selective attention and psychological states in a sample of young adults. Settings and Designs: A randomized self-as-control within subjects design was employed. Thirty undergraduate students (4 females and 26 males) from a residential Yoga University in Southern India were recruited for this study (group mean age ± standard deviation, 20.17 ± 2.92). Materials and Methods: The d2 test, State Anxiety Inventory-Short Form and State Mindful Attention Awareness Scale (SMAAS) were used to measure cognitive performance and psychological states. Assessments were made in three sessions: Baseline, control (squats), and experimental (Thoppukaranam) on 3 separate days. Statistical analysis used : Data were analyzed using one-way repeated measures analyses of variance between three sessions, that is, baseline, squat, and Thoppukaranam. Results: There was a significant improvement in all measures of the d2 test of attention (TN, E, TN-E, E%, and concentration performance) and state mindfulness after Thoppukaranam. Further state anxiety reduced significantly after the experimental session. Conclusions: These findings indicate Thoppukaranam results in enhancement of cognitive functioning and psychological states.


How to cite this article:
Chandrasekeran A, Rajesh SK, Srinivasan T M. Effect of repetitive yogic squats with specific hand position (Thoppukaranam) on selective attention and psychological states.Int J Yoga 2014;7:76-79


How to cite this URL:
Chandrasekeran A, Rajesh SK, Srinivasan T M. Effect of repetitive yogic squats with specific hand position (Thoppukaranam) on selective attention and psychological states. Int J Yoga [serial online] 2014 [cited 2021 Jul 24 ];7:76-79
Available from: https://www.ijoy.org.in/article.asp?issn=0973-6131;year=2014;volume=7;issue=1;spage=76;epage=79;aulast=Chandrasekeran;type=0