International Journal of Yoga

ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year
: 2013  |  Volume : 6  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 104--110

Effect of fast and slow pranayama on perceived stress and cardiovascular parameters in young health-care students


Vivek Kumar Sharma1, Madanmohan Trakroo1, Velkumary Subramaniam1, M Rajajeyakumar1, Anand B Bhavanani2, Ajit Sahai3 
1 Department of Physiology, JIPMER, Pondicherry, India
2 Advanced Centre for Yoga Therapy Education and Research, Pondicherry, India
3 Department of Biostatistics, JIPMER, Pondicherry, India

Correspondence Address:
Vivek Kumar Sharma
Department of Physiology, JIPMER, Pondicherry - 605 006
India

Context: Perceived stress is higher for students in various healthcare courses. Previous studies have shown that pranayama practice is beneficial for combating stress and improve cardiovascular functions but both fast and slow pranayama practice produce different physiological responses. Aim: Present study was conducted to compare the effects of commonly practiced slow and fast pranayama on perceived stress and cardiovascular functions in young health-care students. Materials and Methods: Present study was carried out in Departments of Physiology and Advanced Centre for Yoga Therapy Education and Research, JIPMER, Pondicherry. Ninety subjects (age 18-25 years) were randomized to fast pranayama (Group 1), slow pranayama (Group 2) and control group (Group 3). Group 1 subjects practiced Kapalabhati, Bhastrika and Kukkuriya Pranayama while Group 2 subjects practiced Nadishodhana, Savitri and Pranav Paranayama. Supervised pranayama training was given for 30 min, 3 times a week for the duration of 12 weeks to Groups 1 and 2 subjects by certified yoga trainer. Following parameters were recorded at the baseline and after 12 weeks of training; perceived stress scale (PSS), heart rate (HR), respiratory rate, systolic blood pressure and diastolic blood pressure (DBP), mean arterial pressure (MAP), rate pressure product (RPP), and double product (Do P). Results: There was a significant decrease in PSS scores in both Group 1 and Group 2 subjects but percentage decrease was comparable in these groups. Significant decrease in HR, DBP, RPP, and Do P was seen in only Group 2 subjects. Conclusion: This study demonstrates that both types of pranayama practice are beneficial in reducing PSS in the healthy subjects but beneficial effect on cardiovascular parameters occurred only after practicing slow pranayama.


How to cite this article:
Sharma VK, Trakroo M, Subramaniam V, Rajajeyakumar M, Bhavanani AB, Sahai A. Effect of fast and slow pranayama on perceived stress and cardiovascular parameters in young health-care students.Int J Yoga 2013;6:104-110


How to cite this URL:
Sharma VK, Trakroo M, Subramaniam V, Rajajeyakumar M, Bhavanani AB, Sahai A. Effect of fast and slow pranayama on perceived stress and cardiovascular parameters in young health-care students. Int J Yoga [serial online] 2013 [cited 2018 Jun 18 ];6:104-110
Available from: http://www.ijoy.org.in/article.asp?issn=0973-6131;year=2013;volume=6;issue=2;spage=104;epage=110;aulast=Sharma;type=0