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ORIGINAL ARTICLE Table of Contents   
Year : 2019  |  Volume : 12  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 29-36
Association between cyclic meditation and creative cognition: Optimizing connectivity between the frontal and parietal lobes


1 Yoga and Physical Sciences, S-vyasa University, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India
2 Chancellor, S-vyasa University, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India
3 Division of Yoga and Humanities, S-vyasa University, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India

Correspondence Address:
Reshma Madhukar Shetkar
C/O. Dr. Alex Hankey and Dr. Nagendra H. R. Swami Vivekananda Yoga Anusandhana Samsthana, Vivekananda Yoga University, Eknath Bhavan, 19 Gavipuram Circle, Kempegowda Nagar, Bengaluru - 560 019, Karnataka
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/ijoy.IJOY_26_17

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Background: Important stages of creativity include preparation, incubation, illumination, and verification. Earlier studies have reported that some techniques of meditation promote creativity but have not specified which stage is enhanced. Here, we report the influence of cyclic meditation (CM) on creative cognition measured by a divergent thinking task. Our aim was to determine the degree of association between the two. Methods: Twenty-four university students were randomly assigned to an experimental group (CM) and controls (Supine Rest), 35 min/day for 7 days. Creativity performance was assessed pre and post using Abbreviated Torrance Test for Adults (ATTA), while 64-channel electroencephalography (EEG) was used to measure brain activity during both CM/SH and the creativity test. Results: Results indicated that CM training improved creativity performance, producing a shift to predominant gamma activity during creativity compared controls who showed delta activity. Furthermore, the experimental group showed more activation of frontal and parietal regions (EEG leads F3, F4 and P3, P4) than controls, i.e., the regions of the executive network responsible for creative cognition, our particular regions of interest where specialized knowledge is being stored. Conclusion: Improvement on creativity test performance indicates that CM increases association and strengthens the connectivity between frontal and parietal lobes, the major nodes of default mode network and executive attention network, enhancing the important stages of creativity such as preparation, incubation, and illumination.


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