International Journal of Yoga
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REVIEW ARTICLE Table of Contents   
Year : 2018  |  Volume : 11  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 91-98
Yoga for heart failure: A review and future research


1 Department of Kinesiology, University of North Georgia, Oakwood, GA, USA
2 Morehouse School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA, USA
3 College of Education and Human Development at Georgia State University, Atlanta, GA, USA

Correspondence Address:
Paula R Pullen
Department of Physiology and CVRI, Morehouse School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA
USA
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/ijoy.IJOY_24_17

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Background: Complementary and alternative medicine is a rapidly growing area of biomedical inquiry. Yoga has emerged in the forefront of holistic medical care due to its long history of linking physical, mental, and spiritual well-being. Research in yoga therapy (YT) has associated improved cardiovascular and quality of life (QoL) outcomes for the special needs of heart failure (HF) patients. Aim: The aim of this study is to review yoga intervention studies on HF patients, discuss proposed mechanisms, and examine yoga's effect on physiological systems that have potential benefits for HF patients. Second, to recommend future research directions to find the most effective delivery methods of yoga to medically stable HF patients. Methods: The authors conducted a systematic review of the medical literature for RCTs involving HF patients as participants in yoga interventions and for studies utilizing mechanistic theories of stretch and new technologies. We examined physical intensity, mechanistic theories, and the use of the latest technologies. Conclusions: Based on the review, there is a need to further explore yoga mechanisms and research options for the delivery of YT. Software apps as exergames developed for use at home and community activity centers may minimize health disparities and increase QoL for HF patients.


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