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ORIGINAL ARTICLE Table of Contents   
Year : 2015  |  Volume : 8  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 128-133
Effectiveness of mindfulness meditation on pain and quality of life of patients with chronic low back pain


1 Department of Psychology, Panjanb University, Chandigarh, India
2 Member Young Researchers and Elite Club, Ardabil Branch, Islamic Azad University, Ardebil, Iran

Correspondence Address:
Maryam Didehdar Ardebil
HN#29 - Jomhuri, Tehran
Iran
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0973-6131.158476

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Background and Aim: Recovery of patients with chronic low back pain (LBP) is depended on several physical and psychological factors. Therefore, the authors aimed to examine the efficacy of mindfulness based stress reduction (MBSR) as a mind-body intervention on quality of life and pain severity of female patients with nonspecific chronic LBP (NSCLBP). Effectiveness of mindfulness meditation on pain and quality of life of patients with chronic low back pain Eighty-eight patients diagnosed as NSCLBP by physician and randomly assigned to experimental (MBSR+ usual medical care) and the control group (usual medical care only). The subjects assessed in 3 times frames; before, after and 4 weeks after intervention by Mac Gil pain and standard brief quality of life scales. Data obtained from the final sample analyzed by ANCOVA using SPSS software. Results: The findings showed MBSR was effective in reduction of pain severity and the patients who practiced 8 sessions meditation reported significantly lower pain than patients who only received usual medical care. There was a significant effect of the between subject factor group (F [1, 45] = 16.45, P < 0.001) and (F [1, 45] = 21.51, P < 0.001) for physical quality of life and (F [1, 45] = 13.80, P < 0.001) and (F [1, 45] = 25.07, P < 0.001) mental quality of life respectively. Conclusion: MBSR as a mind-body therapy including body scan, sitting and walking meditation was effective intervention on reduction of pain severity and improvement of physical and mental quality of life of female patients with NSCLBP.


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