International Journal of Yoga
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CASE REPORT Table of Contents   
Year : 2012  |  Volume : 5  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 151-156
The influence of a yoga exercise program for young adults with intellectual disabilities


1 Department of Parks, Recreation, and Tourism Management, Clemson University, Clemson, South Carolina, USA
2 Special Education Programs, Clemson University, Clemson, South Carolina, USA
3 Clemson University, Clemson, South Carolina, USA

Correspondence Address:
Brent L Hawkins
128 McGinty Court, 263 Lehotsky Hall, Clemson University, Clemson
USA
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0973-6131.98244

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Background: Individuals with intellectual disabilities (ID) have an increased risk of obesity and are significantly less likely to engage in physical activity compared to their nondisabled peers. A growing body of research supports the physical and mental health benefits of yoga. While the benefits of yoga have been studied across a host of populations with varying ages and physical disabilities, no studies could be identified investigating the benefits of yoga for young adults with ID. Aims: This study investigated the impact of participating in yoga classes on the amount of exercise behavior and perception of physical exertion when compared to non-structured exercise sessions between two young adults with ID in a post-secondary education setting. Materials and Methods: A single subject multiple baseline research design was implemented across two young adults with mild ID to determine the effects of a yoga exercise class on frequency of exercise behavior and perception of physical exertion when compared to non-structured exercise sessions. Partial interval recording, the Eston-Parfitt curvilinear rating of perceived exertion scale, and the physical activity enjoyment scale were implemented to collect data on dependent variables and consumer satisfaction during each non-structured exercise session and each yoga class. Results: indicated that percentage of exercise behavior and perceived exertion levels during yoga group exercise sharply increased with large effect sizes when compared to non-structured exercise sessions.


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